Different Sunscreen Types for Your Skin in 2024
Sunscreen is a topical lotion that contains UV-absorbing compounds and is applied to the skin to protect against sunburn. It is the most essential type of skincare and the key to having healthy, bright skin. However, not all sunscreens provide effective sun protection. Despite the possible hazards, many people are unaware of this or do not apply the right sunscreen for their skin type.
One example of a trusted sunscreen brand that offers reliable protection is Nivea. Finding the right sunscreen is crucial as it acts as a shield, forming a protective barrier on your face, reflecting the sun's damaging UV rays, and preventing them from penetrating deeper into your skin. Exposure to UV rays has several adverse effects, including accelerated aging, collagen damage, dark spots and pigmentation, and the risk of developing skin cancer. Therefore, choosing the right sunscreen, like Nivea, is important to safeguard your skin against these potential risks and achieve healthy, glowing skin.
DIFFERENT TYPES OF SUNSCREEN
Sunscreen provides considerable skin advantages by preventing damaging UV rays from reaching the skin. There are two types of sunscreen: mineral sunscreens and chemical sunscreens, each having its own mechanism of filtering UV radiation and protecting the skin from damage. Understanding the distinctions between these types of sunscreens might assist you in selecting the best solution for your lifestyle. Continue reading to learn more about the different types of sunscreen.
Mineral sunscreens form a physical barrier on the skin's surface that reflects and scatters UV rays away from the skin, like tiny mirrors. They block UV rays at the skin's surface, protecting against both UVA and UVB rays. Unlike chemical sunscreens, mineral sunscreens do not require any waiting time after application as they start working as soon as they are applied, thanks to the physical barrier they form.
Mineral sunscreens must also be reapplied often because they are easily removed from the skin's surface by rubbing, sweating, or rinsing. They must also be used liberally to provide enough protection. These sunscreens frequently have an almost white tint that is visible on the skin.
Remember to avoid mineral sunscreen spray and powder formulations and limit your lung exposure to these, as the nano-particles in these products should not be inhaled. Mineral sunscreens' active ingredients are titanium dioxide and zinc dioxide; some sunscreens employ a combination of the two.
Chemical sunscreens penetrate deeper layers of your skin and stay there for quite some hours after absorption. This is because they take in UV rays, convert them to heat, and let them out through the skin. Therefore, chemical sunscreens might not shield against all UVA rays, which nonetheless cause damage to the deeper layers of the skin.
These sunscreens must be applied ahead of time because they take around 20 minutes to become effective. Furthermore, in direct sunshine, the chemicals deplete faster, needing more frequent reapplications. Chemical sunscreens emit heat, which can be irritating to those with hyperpigmented skin, sensitive skin, or rosacea. The skin's heat may make already-present brown spots worse. Lastly, chemical sunscreens can also clog pores and cause skin issues prone to acne.
WHAT TYPE OF SUNSCREEN IS BEST FOR YOU?
To provide adequate sun protection, select a sunscreen that is appropriate for your skin type, tone, and daily activities. Consider the following aspects when purchasing a sunscreen to help you make the best decision:
1. SKIN TYPES
It is crucial to remember that selecting a skincare product based on your skin type is always the best approach. For individuals with dry skin, it is recommended to choose creamy and moisturizing formulas that provide adequate hydration.
Similarly, those with oily or acne-prone skin should avoid clogging pores by using non-comedogenic, water-based gels. If you have sensitive or inflamed skin, however, it is best to minimize further aggravation by using products that are free of harsh chemicals, pollutants, and scents.
2. SKIN TONE
Choosing a skin care product that suits your skin type is always recommended. For individuals with dry skin, it's best to go for creamy and hydrating formulas that provide ample moisture.
If you have oily or acne-prone skin, non-comedogenic compositions in the form of gels or water-based treatments are perfect for preventing blocking pores.
Considering your sunscreen's Sun Protection Factor (SPF) is crucial to protect your skin from harmful ultraviolet rays. Sunlight contains two types of ultraviolet rays: UVA rays that penetrate the skin deeply and UVB rays that cause sunburn. Therefore, choosing a broad-spectrum sunscreen that shields your skin from UVA and UVB rays, with an SPF of at least 30 to 50 or higher for optimal protection is essential.
It's crucial to know that applying a higher SPF doesn't always imply you can stay out in the sun for longer. Reapply sunscreen often, especially after exercising or swimming. Following these precautions can help to avoid sun damage on the face and lower the risk of skin cancer caused by continuous sun exposure.
When spending time outdoors, choosing a sunscreen that can withstand environmental factors such as water, sweat, and humidity is crucial. Opt for a water and sweat-resistant formula to ensure the product remains on your skin and provides continuous protection. This is particularly important during activities that involve water or excessive sweating, such as swimming, outdoor sports, or hiking.
If you plan to spend a lot of time outdoors, especially in activities involving water or sweat, choosing a water- and sweat-resistant formula can provide additional protection.
In addition, using a sunscreen with moisturizing properties like NIVEA Sun Moisturising Lotion is recommended. It's made without harsh chemicals, toxins, or fragrances and can help keep your skin hydrated and protected from harmful UV rays.
HOW TO USE SUNSCREENS?
Apply sunscreen as the final stage of your skincare routine 20 to 30 minutes before going outside. Reapply it every two to three hours, especially if you've been out in the sun for a long period. Not to mention, sunscreen should be used 365 days a year (even in the winter).The importance of sunscreen every day is simply non-negotiable and cannot be debated over, even for people with darker skin tones. It is an investment worth making, the advantages you’d start noticing after consistent use.